Ellul Christian, Mizzi Anabelle, Formosa Cynthia. (2014). Journal of Nurse Practioners. Vol 10. Issue 8. Pgs. 611- 615
This study investigated whether daily tobacco smoking affects peripheral artery insufficiency in a cohort of middle-aged individuals. A matched nonexperimental study was used. Twenty smokers and 20 nonsmokers not suffering from any cardiovascular disease were recruited. The Huntleigh Dopplex Assist was used to measure the ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) and quantitatively analyze the Doppler arterial waveforms. There was no significant difference in mean ABPI scores between smokers and nonsmokers; however, significant difference was noted in the Doppler waveforms on all arteries assessed between groups. Doppler waveforms should be used to assess smokers to screen for peripheral arterial disease.